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Ngayogyakarta Sultanate Palace

The Ngayogyakarta Sultanate Palace was established in 1755 or several months after Giyanti Agreement in Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I era. It was located at the former pesanggarahan (rest place) named Garjitawati, which was used to break place during the funeral procession of Mataram Kings who will be buried in Imogiri. The Ngayogyakarta Sultanate Palace that built in an area of 1.5 km² has eight main building complexes, namely: Bangsal Pagelaran, Siti Hinggil Ler, Kemandhungan Ler, Sri Manganti, Kedhaton, Kemagangan, Kemandhungan Kidul, and Siti Hinggil Kidul.

PagelaranWard

Pagelaran Ward or also known as ward of exhibition is a place where the royal servants make a formal appearance to the Sultan in an official ceremony. On the right and left side of Tratag Rambat (Main ward) there is a pair of Pemandegan Wards as seating place for Sultan together with the warlords watching the war training in alun-alun utara (North Square). On the right and left outside, there is pair of Pasewakan Ward (Pengapit Ward) as waiting place for captains taking orders. There is also Pengrawit Ward on the right side in Pagelaran Ward for the Sultan to inaugurate Pepatih Dalem (prime minister) and vice regent.  In addition to those places, there is also Pacikeran Ward used by abdi dalem Singa negara and Mertolulut who are the executor of punishment for the prisoners. Today, Pagelaran Ward is still used for palace traditional ceremonies and other cultural events.

Siti Hinggil LER

Siti Hinggil is also has a meaning of "high ground". The front complex of palace named Siti Hinggil LER and the back palace named Siti Hinggil Kidul (South Royal audience hall) was made higher than its surrounding place. Siti Hinggil LER (North Royal audience hall) is coronation place of Sultan which also a place for Pisowanan agung (visiting ceremony) and other organizing events. Soekarno's inauguration as the first President of Republic of Indonesia and an official announcement of Gadjah Mada University (UGM) were also held in Siti Hinggil LER. In the middle of Siti Hinggil LER, there are two Wards named Manguntur Tangkil Ward as the Sultan throne and Witono Ward as a place for palace’s main heritages. There is also a building called Tarub Agung as the waiting area of Sultanate authorities before entering the palace. In the northeast and northwest of Tarub Agung there are two Kori Ward that formerly occupied by royal servants to deliver any petitions or complaints from people.

Kemandhungan LER

After passing through Siti Hinggil LER, there is a hallway connecting to the next room named Kemandhungan LER (North Kemandhungan). This complex is often called Keben because its yard is planted with Keben trees (Barringtonia asiatica). These trees were announced as a symbol of peace by the government of Indonesia since 1986. The main building of Kemandhungan LER complex is Pancaniti Ward that located at the middle of yard. Until 1812, this hall has been used by Sultan to lead the court concerning Royal family’s cases. In the middle of this hall, there is Selo Gilang as the Sultan's throne. In the south of Pancaniti Ward, it can be found Bale Antiwahana as a place for taking down the guests from their vehicles.

Sri Manganti

The next ward is Sri Manganti that used as the waiting room for guests who will visit the Sultan. The main building in this ward that named Bangsal Sri Manganti was the place for Sultan to greet the important guests. Now, it can be found in Sri Manganti some heritages such as gamelan musical instruments and a pair of wards i.e. Trajumas Ward and Kemagangan Ward, which are used for the official companion of the Sultan to greet the Palace guests.

Kedhaton

After passing through Sri Manganti, there stands central area which protected by a fortress with nine gates and most of them are not open for public. The main core of the palace buildings located in the central area, namely Kedhaton is divided into three parts. First is Kedhaton ward as the ward where Sultan lives. In this complex, there is Kencono Ward that became the palace main hall. It was held various ceremonies of the royal family and ceremonial state in this hall. On the south side of Kencono Ward stands Manis Ward as the Kingdom official banquet. There is also Dalem Ageng Proboyekso as the center of palace that most of kingdom's heritages, the throne of Sultan, and other Royal regalia were buried. Even though the sultan usually lead the sultanate in this complex, named Gedhong Jene, but in his daily activities he prefer to stay at Palace Kilen (West Palace) which located in Kedhaton.

The second part of Kedhaton complex is Keputre. It was designated for queen consort, concubines, and Sultan's daughters who were still single. This complex is a private area that is not open for public. Finally, the last part Kedhaton complex is Kesatriyan, used as the residence of King's sons who were not married yet. Its main buildings are Pendapa Kesatriyan, Gedhong Pringgandani, and Gedhong Srikaton.

The next important buildings are also can be found in Kedhaton complex, such as Gedhong Kantor Parentah Hageng as a place for palace officials to convey commands for the royal servants. Gedhong Danartapura as the office of palace treasury, Gedhong Patehan for preparing drinks for Royal family, and Gedhong kaca is a museum which stored some historical relics of Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX. In addition to these places, there were stables for the horses belong to Sultan in the yard of Kedhaton and Kesatriyan.

Kemagangan

The back yard of Kedhaton is Kemagangan. It is a complex that is connected by Regol Kemagangan and there shown the year of Ngayogyakarta Sultanate establishment. In the past, Kemagangan complex was used as a place of acceptance, practice, exams, and loyalty visit from the candidates of Abdi dalem. Bangsal Magangan (Magangan ward) located in the middle of the yard was used as a place of Bedhol Songsong ceremony held with a leather puppet performance as a sign of the completion of entire palace rituals procession. Palace Kitchen is also located in this complex, namely Pawon Ageng Sekul Langgen on the east side and Pawon Ageng Gebulen on the west side of Kemagangan. In the southeast and southwest corner, there is Panti Pareden as a place for making Gunungan (a blessed vegetable mountain for an annual parade) on the days before Garebeg ceremony. In this complex, a suspension bridge crossed the canal of Taman Sari and linked two artificial lakes in the west and east of Taman Sari. On the western side there was a small pier used by the Sultan before visiting Taman Sari. However, it cannot be found now.

Kemandhungan Kidul

Kemagangan and Kemandhungan Kidul (Kemandhungan South) is connected by a gate called Regol Gadhung Mlati. The main building in this complex is Kemandhungan Ward that believed that it was originally came from a village hall that was used as a headquarters by the first king Sultan Hamengku Buwono I when there was internal unrest in palace. On the south side of Kemandhungan Kidul, there is also a gate, namely Regol Kemandhungan, where at the separator walls was found symbolic ornaments depicting cadrasengkala written as “Dwi Naga Rasa Tunggal”. Regol Kemandhungan is also a connector directly to Siti Hinggil Kidul, which at the end backside of palace building complex.

Siti Hinggil Kidul

Siti Hinggil Kidul (South royal audience hall) was used by Sultan in his more personal and likely non-formal activities, for example, watching Garebeg rehearsal ceremony or watching an entertainment this held in Alun-alun Selatan (South Square), such as human racing against Tiger (rampogan), female military exercise, and so on. Siti Hinggil Kidul has also used to start the funeral procession of Sultan who died, before going to the kings’ graveyard in Imogiri. On the east, north, and west of Siti Hinggil Kidul there is a small road, namely pamengkang for people walking around. In the past time, there was pendopo in the middle of Siti Hinggil Kidul, but in 1956, this pendopo reformed into Gedung Sasana Hinggil Dwi Abad as a sign of 200th year of Yogyakarta anniversary. At present time, Siti Hinggil Kidul is often used as public art performances, such as wayang kulit (leather puppet), exhibitions, and many others.


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Tyas May 14, 2012 15:51

Saya mau bertanya tentang Bangsal Kasatrian yang digunakan pada saat prosesi kacar-kucur dan dahar klimah pada saat upacara pernikahan keraton. Kenapa kedua upacara tersebut dilakukan di Bangsal Kasatriyan dan apa maksudnya terdapat sinrong tengah dan pendaringan di Bangsal Kasatriyan? Terimaksih

Shinta Aldatun January 20, 2013 15:45

Thank's atas infonya :)