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About the Palace

  • Principal Palace

    Main Palace Ngayogyakarta Sultanate Palace The Ngayogyakarta Sultanate Palace was established in 1755 or several months after Giyanti Agreement in Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I era. It was located at the former pesanggarahan (rest place) named Garjitawati, which was used to break place during the funeral procession of Mataram Kings who will be buried in Imogiri. The Ngayogyakarta Sultanate Palace that built in an area of 1.5 km² has eight main building complexes, namely: Bangsal Pagelaran, Siti Hinggil Ler, Kemandhungan Ler, Sri Manganti, Kedhaton, Kemagangan, Kemandhungan Kidul, and Siti Hinggil Kidul. PagelaranWard Pagelaran Ward or also known as ward of exhibition is a place where the royal servants make a formal appearance to the Sultan in an official ceremony. On the right and left side of Tratag Rambat (Main ward) there is a pair of Pemandegan Wards as seating place for Sultan together with the warlords watching the war ... Read more »

  • Gardens

    Taman Sari (Royal Flower Garden) Taman Sari is the former royal garden as well as royal bathing place and used as recreational place. Taman Sari is located at west of main palace 0.3 km of Ngayogyakarta Sultanate. Taman Sari was built during Sultan Hamengkubuwono I in 1758-1765 but used effectively in 1765-1812. One of architects of Taman Sari royal garden is a Portuguese namely Demang Tegis. Therefore, it is not surprisingly, the form of buildings in Taman Sari appears to have an influence of European style. It can be seen in protected java ornaments. In addition, the leader of Taman Sari project was Tumenggung Mangundipuro, which eventually resigned and replaced by Pangeran Notokusumo. All of its costs had been guaranteed by Regent of Madiun, Tumenggung Prawirosentiko. Therefore, the Madiun area exempt from tax levies. In the beginning, the garden whose name was The Fragrant Garden has had an area more than 10 acres with 57 ... Read more »

  • Rest Houses

    Pesanggrahan Ambarketawang Pesanggrahan Ambarketawang was once used as a temporary resident of Ngayogyakarta Sultanate Family. It was in the reign of Pangeran Mangkubumi Sultan Hamengku Buwono I, during the construction of palace. Sultan and the Royal families lived at Pesanggrahan Ambarketawang for one year (9 October 1755-7 October 1756). It was chosen as a residence as well as a bastion due it was surrounded by kapur mountains (limestone) which big and tall. The name of Ambarketawang means “aroma harum yang memenuhi angkasa” (the scent that filled into the sky). At this time, Pesanggrahan Ambarketawang remains as brick walls, building foundations, drainage, old well, castle walls, gates, and stables. It located at west of Yogyakarta, precisely in Gamping which now belong to Sleman District. According to "The Yogyakarta Provincial Government edict of 1946", it was appointed under the administration of Gamping District, ... Read more »

  • Bathing Places

    Taman Sari (Royal Bathing Place) Besides being used as a Royal garden, Taman Sari has functioned as a bathing place for Sultan and Royal family. The main building of Taman Sari is a pool surrounded by a fortress with 6 meters height. This pool was used by Sultan Hamengku Buwono I‘s wives/concubines. In the nearby, there is a high tower as a place where Sultan watching his wives taking a shower. Besides this pool, there are also two other pools for the princess. Read more »

  • Harem

    Keputren is a building complex dedicated to queen consorts, concubines, and Sultan's daughters who were still single. It was located in Kedathon, the central area of Ngayogyakarta palace. Besides this, there is also Kesatriyan complex for Sultan's sons who were not married yet. Keputren is a special area that can not be entered by just anyone, only the Sultan and certain people who got permission are allowed to enter the Keputren. If this rule is violated, there are specific sanctions to be imposed. Sultanate Ngayogyakarta also has Keputren which located in Taman Sari which used as a flower garden, water garden, and Royal family bathing place. Read more »

  • Forts

    Baluwerti Fortress This fortress was used as a protective wall of palace from enemy attack. In Ngayogyakarta Sultanate, it is named Benteng Baluwerti (Baluwerti fortress), the walls which encircle the central region of Yogyakarta Palace. Baluwerti fortress is built during the reign of Sultan Hamengkubuwono I, in 1785-1787. It was initiated from the Crown Prince, Raden Mas Sundoro (1750-1828) who was crowned as Sultan Hamengkubuwono II. It was strengthened on the reign of Sultan Hamengkubuwono II, precisely in 1809. As a defense wall, it was equipped with a cannon prepared to fire at anytime, placed on the walls of fortress. Moreover, as can be found it was rectangular fortress. Each side has a length of approximately 1000 meters, height of 3-4 meters, and 4 meters of thick, allowing soldiers to patrol on top of fortress. It was surrounded by canal to strengthen the defense with a width approximately 4 meters and 3 meters of depth. ... Read more »