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  • History

    The History of Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate The establishment of Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate was the impact of the prolonged conflict occurred in the Sultanate of Islamic Mataram, which established since the 16th century. Its first central government was located in Mentaok, later on it was moved to Kotagede (Yogyakarta). During the reign of Amangkurat I (1645-1677), precisely in 1647, its central government was moved again from Kotagede to Plered (Bantul Regency). Then, Amangkurat II (1680-1702), founded a new Palace in eastern side of Yogyakarta, precisely in Wonokarto forest and immediately renamed to Kartasura (Sukoharjo District, Central Java). The construction of new Palace was made because the one that located at Plered was being in rebel-held and considered to be no longer worthy as its central government. So, the new Palace in Kartasura that started to be built since 1679 now is known ... Read more »

  • List of Monarchs and Reigning Periods

    The list of Kings who have been reined in Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate is commenced from His Majesty Pakubuwono II (1745-1749), the founder of the Kingdom. In fact, Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate is a continuation of Kartasura Hadiningrat Sunanate consecutively led by Amangkurat II (1680-1702) as its founder, Amangkurat III (1702-1705), His Majesty Pakubuwono I (1705-1719), Amangkurat IV (1719-1726), and His Majesty Pakubuwono II (1726-1742) as the last King who moved the center of the Kingdom to Solo as well as the sign that Kartasura Hadiningrat Sunanate was formally established. The followings are the list of monarchs and reigning periods: His Majesty Pakubuwono II (1745-1749), whose original name is Raden Mas Prabasuyasa, was born on December 8, 1711, ascended the throne on August 15, 1726, and died on December 20, 1749. He was the last King of Kartasura Hadiningrat Sunanate who moved the center of ... Read more »

  • System of Government

    In Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate government structure, the King occupies the highest position. The King who reins entitled “Sampeyan Dalem ingkang Sinuhun Kanjeng Susuhunan Prabu Sri Paku Buwana Senapati ing Alaga Ngabdulrahman Sayidin Panatagama” abbreviated as “Sri Susuhunan Pakubuwono”. This title puts the King on top position: King is the center of power in the world. In another term, King is the number one and most respected man in his country, King is the center of social community, King is as supreme leader of the royal court, King is the head of government and supreme commander of forces, as well as the religious leader. Since the reign of His Majesty Pakubuwono (1749-1788), the coronation of Surakarta King must obtain permission from the Dutch (VOC that was then followed by the colonial Dutch East Indies). The Dutch have the right to determine which candidates will be ... Read more »

  • Social Culture and Religion

    A. Social and Cultural Rights The community life in Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate has diverse social strata related to the position and role of each element in the society. The position and role are related to the rights established by the prevailing social institutions in demand of Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate. The rights acquired by every member of society shows that the division of these classes are covered and traditional. The traditional hierarchy of the system in Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate has been determined since the time of the Sultanate of Islamic Mataram. The positions in the social strata formulated in a hierarchical system of Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate are divided into three classes. The first class is the King and Royal family who occupied the highest social level. King is the number one in the Kingdom and an absolute figure. Other people who include in the first class are ... Read more »