Mulawarman Museum is one of tourist attractions as a mainstay of East Kalimantan province, especially Kutai Kartanegara Regency. The building was formerly the Palace of Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Sultanate which its construction was completed in 1937. One year later, precisely in 1938, the Sultan of Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Sultanate, Aji Sultan Muhammad Parikesit, along with the imperial family and the official have been occupied the new Palace. The procession of the inauguration of this magnificent Palace was splendid and enlivened with fireworks.
After the independence of Indonesia, the Sultanate joined into the Unitary State of Republic of Indonesia. However, Aji Sultan Muhammad Parikesit and the family remained in Palace which is approximately 2270 m² until 1971. After that, the Palace was submitted to the Regional Government of East Kalimantan Province since November 25, 1971. Subsequently, on February 18, 1976, the provincial government of East Kalimantan handed the Palace building complex over the Ministry of Education and Culture as museum under the name of Mulawarman Museum. The museum is located at St. Diponegoro, Tenggarong, Kutai Kartanegara Regency, East Kalimantan Province.
Therefore, once used as a Palace and a residence of Sultan, unsurprisingly the museum building is dominated by bright white color which is quite magnificent. Everything about Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Sultanate can be found in this museum, including the collection of relics such as the throne of Sultan flanked by two statue of Cattle Swana, mosaics and paintings of Sultans, Royal umbrella, battle armors, a bed, a set of gamelan musical instruments, a collection of ancient Chinese ceramics, and some other object belong to Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura.
In addition, Mulawarman Museum also stores archaeological collections, such as inscriptions and statues of Kutai Martadipura Kingdom as the oldest kingdom under the leadership of King Mulawarman whose name later given as the name of this museum. In addition, inside the museum there are many collections of carvings, handicrafts, and traditional weapons of Dayak Tribe who reside in East Kalimantan, i.e. Dayak Kenyah, Dayak Benuaq, Dayak Busang, Dayak Modang, Dayak Punan, and another sub-ethnic of Dayak.
Not only those, in Mulawarman Museum, visitors can also watch minirama located at the rear of the museum. A minirama tells about the birth of Aji Batara Agung Dewa Sakti who became Sultan Kutai I and the birth of Princess Coral Melenu who became the Queen Kutai I. There is minirama about the timber industry, Pesut Mahakam, coal mining, typical plants of Borneo, and much more. There are more heritage objects in the back room of this museum Mulawarman. In the museum there is a basement used to keep some collection of hundred ancient ceramics from Vietnam, Japan, Thailand, Europe, and others.
In the neighborhood of Mulawarman Museum complex is also contained the graves of Sultans and relatives of Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura. The gravestones were mostly made of wood carved with Arabic letters. Some of the King or Sultan interred at the complex are Aji Sultan Muhammad Muslihuddin (1780-1816), Aji Sultan Muhammad Salehuddin (1816-1845), Aji Sultan Muhammad Sulaiman (1850-1899), and Aji Sultan Muhammad Parikesit (1920-1960). While Aji Sultan Muhammad Alimuddin (1899-1910) was buried in a place that is owned by the deceased located at the area of Mount Gandek, Tenggarong.