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About the Palace

Kutai Kartanegara Royal Palace

Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Sultanate has Royal Palace that called Kedaton or Keraton of Kutai Kartanegara. The term "kedaton" comes from the word "kedatuan", so the term "Keraton" is derived from the word "keratuan". The both terms have same meaning which is Royal Palace or residence of the King. In the course of its history, the central government of Sultanate experienced several displacements. In 1732, it was moved from Kutai Lama (Old Kutai) to Pemarangan, then in 1782 moved to Tenggarong. However, the documentation regarding the form of the Palace in the early days has been unknown entirety.

The obtained data is during the reign of Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman who reigned in 1845-1899 made Tenggarong as the central government. This absolutely has very much adrift in the early days of the Sultanate that declared in the years around 1300 AD under the King Aji Batara Agung Dewa Sakti. The Royal Palace of Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Sultanate was found by Carl Bock, the Norwegian adventurer who explored Mahakam inland in the 18th century. Back then, he made the illustration of Royal porch of Aji Sultan Muhammad Sulaiman. Based on this information, basically the Royal Palace of Kutai Sultanate was simple shaped buildings made of ironwood.

The substitute of Aji Sultan Muhammad Sulaiman, namely Aji Sultan Muhammad Alimuddin who held since 1899, occupying the new Palace building located near from his father’s Palace. The Royal Palace of Aji Sultan Muhammad Alimuddin before Mahakam River consisted of two floors made of ironwood. The building was still used as central of government of in reign of Aji Sultan Muhammad Parikesit (1920-1960).

On the government of Aji Sultan Muhammad, the Palace building was renovated by replacing its material made of ironwood with cement to make it stronger. During the renovation, the Sultan and his family stayed at the old imperial Palace of his grandfather, Aji Sultan Muhammad Sulaiman.

The new Palace renovation project was undertaken by Dutch company Hollandsche Beton Maatschappij (HBM) Batavia and led by an architect Estourgie. The renovation of Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Sultanate Royal Palace took approximately one year and completed in 1937. One year later in 1938, Aji Sultan Muhammad Parikesit and his family stayed at this new Royal Palace. The opening procession of this magnificent new Palace was enlivened with fireworks. The new Palace could be inhabited, it was decided that the old Palace of the Aji Sultan Muhammad Sulaiman would be demolished.

Aji Sultan Muhammad Parikesit is the last Sultan of Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Sultanate before joining Unitary States of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI) in 1960. However, Aji Sultan Muhammad Parikesit and his family remained in the Palace whose area of 2270 m2 until 1971. After that, Kutai Kartanegara Royal Palace was submitted to Regional Government of East Kalimantan Province since November 25, 1971.

Subsequently, on February 18, 1976, the provincial government of East Kalimantan handed the Royal Palace of Kutai Kartanegara complex over the Ministry of Education and Culture as museum under the name “Mulawarman Museum”. A wide variety of collectible relics of Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Sultanate stored in this museum, among them are the Sultan's throne, statues, jewelry, battle armor, a bed, a set of gamelan, a collection of ancient Chinese ceramics, and other objects belong to Sultanate.

In the Palace complex, there is graveyard of several Kings and Royal families. Gravestones in the family cemetery at Martadipura Sultanate Kutai are mostly made of carved wood with Arabic letters. Some of the Kings who interred at the complex are Aji Sultan Muhammad Muslihuddin (1780-1816), Aji Sultan Muhammad Salehuddin (1816-1845), Aji Sultan Muhammad Sulaiman (1850-1899), and Aji Sultan Muhammad Parikesit (1920-1960). While Sultan Aji Muhammad Alimuddin (1899-1910), was interred in the place that belong to him. It is in Mount Gandek, Tenggarong.

Along with the collapse of New Order in 1998, the reformation grew at the Kingdoms in Indonesia, as well as the Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Sultanate. In 1999, Regent of Kutai Drs. H. Syaukani HR, MM, intended to revive the Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Sultanate as an attempt of historical and cultural heritage preservation of Kutai as the oldest Kingdom in Indonesia. In addition, the revitalization is to support the tourism sector as to attract tourists and foreign tourists in East Kalimantan.

On September 22, 2001, Prince H. Pangeran Praboe Anum Surya Adiningrat was crowned as Sultan with the title of Sultan HAM Salehuddin II. Along with the rise of the Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Sultanate, the Government of Kutai District built a new Palace that called "kedaton". The new Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Palace which was completed in 2002, is located just next to the Jami 'Aji Amir Hasanuddin Mosque and has style of architecture that refers to the Palace in the reign of Aji Sultan Muhammad Alimuddin.

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Comment Form

charles January 06, 2012 01:27

Thank's atas info nya. Saya tertarik dengan cerita nya,tapi tepatnya istananya berlokasi di mana? Saya sempat main ke Samarinda tapi gak tau klo ternyata ada istana,ya mungkin bila lain kali saya main ke Samarinda lagi bisa mengunjungi tempat bersejarah itu dan tau di mana istananya :)

Yeni Kurniasih December 09, 2012 20:51

rindu rasanya, ingin bisa mengingat masa lalu. terutama keluarga kesultanan kutai kartanegara disana ingin rasanya cepat pulang kesana. insya alloh sya dan cucu akan kesana nanti pasti sudah banyak perubahan. ua hamid sudah tidak ada jadi tambah sepi pasti. sudah banyak keluarga kerjaan yang mangkat