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Heirloom Weapons

Sword of the Sultan

One of the Sultanate's heirloom weapons is sword of the Sultan of Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate. The sword is also cannot be found in Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate, as it has been stored at the National Museum in Jakarta along with the crown of Sultanate.

The sword is made of gold. Various decorations are found both in the handle and scabbard. On the handle, there is a tiger-shaped ornament in a position just ready to pounce. Tiger is an animal found in the symbol of Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate. While at the end of the scabbard is decorated with a crocodile.  

Bukit Kang Keris

Actually, Bukit kang Keris is full of facts and myths. The fact is shown from the discovering an important name of figure who connected with the keris, Aji Putri Karang Melenu who was the Queen of first King in Kutai Kartanegara, Aji Batara Agung Dewa Sakti. In addition, the myths are shown from the process of finding the Keris.

According to history, Bukit kang Keris was a hairpin of Aji Putri Karang Melenu. At first, it has not been used as a hairpin as it was found in one place with Aji Putri Karang Melenu in a gong along with Bukit kang Keris and an egg.

The Gong brought Aji Putri Karang Melenu above yellow bamboo hall located above the horn of an animal from the waterways of Kutai. The animal resembled a cow wearing a crown but not king, had a trunk and tusk but not an elephant, had scales but not a dragon, had wings but not a bird, had spurs but not chicken, its face resembled a giant but not a giant, and had a horn but not cows. The animal was then called “Ox Suana”. It was then used as a symbol (mascot) of Kutai Kartanegara regency.

Aji Entong Cannon

The heirloom cannon which known as Aji Entong Cannon is made by VOCs (Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie). At the time, Aji Entong cannon was placed in Terantang, Anggana District, Mahakam river estuaries. These cannons were used for defense from the enemy that came through St. Makassar. 

Sapu Jagat and Gentar Bumi Cannon

Sapu Jagat and Gentar Bumi are two cannons considered to have supernatural power. The both of cannons were used by Aji Pangeran Sinom Panji Mendapa ing Martadipura (1605-1635 AD) when there was a war between Kutai kingdom and Kutai Kartanegara Kingdom. At the end of war, Kutai kingdom was defeated. Both of these cannons are kept as the relics of Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate heritage.

Sri Gunung Cannon

An heirloom weapons, Sri Gunung Cannon was a tool of war to repel British and Dutch colonialists’ invasion. It was used by Awang Long who got the title as “Pangeran Senopati” to shoot British and Dutch fleets that attacked Tenggarong in 1844.

The war was occurred in the reign of Sultan Aji Muhammad Salehudin (1782-1845 AD). At first, the war was between the troops of Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate led by Awang Long as the Commander of Sepangan Forces (elite troops) with British fleets led by James Erskine Murray. Nevertheless, Awang Long was the winner of this war, while James Erskine Murray died.

At the end of war, Awang Long’s troops had pursued the wrong target. They attacked merchant ship from Belgium who was stranded in Muara Badak. Many passengers were killed, deprived of lading, and the ship was burned. Some crew who survived fled into the open sea and report to the Dutch Indies government based in Makassar.

Netherlands Indies government based in Makassar sent fleet to attack Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate led by Marine Lieutenant named T. Hooft. The big war was inevitable. At the end of war, the Dutch defeated the armies of Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate. Meanwhile, Awang Long died after falling ruins of the fort that was hit by Dutch cannonball. The body of the youngest sons of the Sultan of Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate, Ni Raden Pati Perbangsa and his wife Ni Dayang Manta was buried in the village "Panji" or "Teluk Menangis", near form the central of Tenggarong.

Spear of Majapahit Kingdom

Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate has some spear from Majapahit Kingdom. The spears are now stored in Mulawaman Museum, Diponegoro St, Tenggarong, Kutai Regency, East Kalimantan.

The spear from Majapahit Kingdom belongs to Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate was suggested has a link between both kingdoms. One such relationship described in Salasilah Kutai book, when Maharaja Sultan who ruled Kutai Kartanegara (1370-1420 AD) with Maharaja Sakti visited Majapahit Kingdom to learn about customs and administration procedures (Ramli Nawawi et.al., 1992/1993: 139).

Maharaja Sultan established closer relationship with Majapahit kingdom. The relationship mutually influenced each other, governance, culture, and religion, i.e. Hinduism became the state religion of Kutai Kartanegara kingdom as in Majapahit kingdom.

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farida September 07, 2012 23:09

trims dapat menambah wawasan kami

ida September 07, 2012 23:12

trims dapat menambah wawasan kami