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History



  • History

    “Mempawah” derived from “Mempauh”, the name of trees that grow on the upper course of a river that was later called also as Mempawah River (J.U. Lontaan, 1975: 125). As time goes by, Mempawah has become associated with the name of a kingdom/sultanate that emerged in West Kalimantan. The history of Mempawah traditional administration splits into two periods: the era of Hindu-based administration of Dayak Kingdom and the era of Islam-influenced administration or sultanate. A.Mempawah in Kingdom Period (Dayak/Hindu) The origin of Mempawah Kingdom is closely related to the history of some previous kingdoms, such as Bangkule Sultankng and Sidiniang. Bangkule Sultankng was a kingdom of Dayak Ethnic Group which was set up by Ne’Rumaga in a place called Bahana (Erwin Rizal, n.d: 39). Karlina Maryadi, in her article entitled “Menguak Misteri Sebukit Rama (Unravelling the Mystery of Sebukit ... Read more »

  • List of Monarchs and Reigning Periods

    Below is the genealogy of the Kings/Sultans/Head of Adat of Mempawah that is compiled from various sources, including: Sejarah Hukum Adat and Adat-Istiadat Kalimantan Barat of J.U. Lontaan (1975), Kerajaan-kerajaan di Kalimantan Barat of Musni Umberan, et. al. (1996-1997), and Erwin Rizal’s article entitled “Kesultanan Mempawah dan Kubu” which is included in a book entitled Inventarisasi Istana-istana di Kalimantan Barat. Hindu Dayak (Kingdom) Period: Patih Gumantar (± 1380) Raja Kudung (± 1610) Panembahan Senggaok (± 1680) Islam (Sultanate) Period: Opu Daeng Menambon entitled Pangeran Mas Surya Negara (1740 – 1761) Gusti Jamiril entitled Panembahan Adiwijaya Kesuma (1761 – 1787) Syarif Kasim entitled Panembahan Mempawah (1787 – 1808) Syarif Hussein (1808 – 1820) Gusti Jati entitled Sultan Muhammad Zainal Abidin (1820 – 1831) Gusti Amin ... Read more »

  • System of Government

    The administration system and pattern of the predecessors of Mempawah Sultanate, namely the Bangkule Sultankng Kingdom and Sidiniang Kingdom, were based on local traditions, i.e. the customary laws prevailing in Dayak society (Umberan, et. al., 1996-1997: 18). The traditional government system was closely related to rituals and supernatural belief that were inherent in the life of the Hindu kingdom.  During the tenure of Panembahan Senggaok, the traditional government system was still preserved albeit Islam teachings have entered into the Kingdom’s life. The influence of Islam in Mempawah became stronger in the era of Opu Daeng Menambun who reigned since 1740 and was originally came from Luwu Bugis Sultanate that had been long enough an Islamic kingdom. Opu Daeng Menambun’s government in Mempawah Sultanate combined old customary laws with the Muslim’s sharia. However, Islamic influence became ... Read more »

  • Realm

    Throughout its history, either when it was still a Dayak Kingdom or after it changed into an Islamic one, the center of administration of Mempawah Kingdom/Sultanate was moved several times in some places in Upper and Lower Mempawah, which are now located in the province of West Kalimantan. Some of the places are Bahana, Sidinian (Sangking), Pekana (Karangan), Senggaok, Sebukit Rama, Kuala Mempawah (Galah Herang), Sunga, and Pulau Pedalaman. Read more »