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  • History

    A. Early Brunei (the Old Brunei) The historical record mentions the culture of Brunei has existed since the 4th century. The area of Brunei used to be known as the temporary stopping port of the ships coming from Chinese, Arabian, and Indian. The merchant sailors usually stopped by and continued to sail at some areas that currently known and become the Republic of Indonesia. Actually, the area known as Brunei previously had some terms to address. In Chinese historical record, this area used to be called by the name Po-li, Po-lo, or Pu-ni. In Arabian historical record, it was given the name Randj or Zabaj, while the Arabian merchant sailors called the area as "Brunei Sea” for the waters currently known as the South China Sea. Po-li, Po-lo, and Pu-ni According to Chinese historical record, an area called Po-li once was mentioned in the reign of Liang Dynasty (502 AD-566 AD). Po-li is as an area ... Read more »

  • List of Monarchs and Reigning Periods

    Genealogy of the Sultans of Brunei is started since the Sultanate of Brunei got an influence of Islamic religion from the Sultanate of Johor. The indication was shown when the King of Brunei, Awang Alak Betatar married with the Princess of Johor in 1368, until His name changed to Sultan Muhammad Shah. The genealogy of the Sultans of Brunei as follows: Sultan Muhammad Shah (1362-1402) Sultan Muhammad Shah was the first King or Sultan who embraced to Islam. He used to be called by the name King Awang Alak Betatar before converted to be Muslim. He ascended the throne of the Sultanate to replace His father, His Majesty Sang Aji (Aji Naruwing/Baruning) in 1362. When He died, the next successor was Sultan Abdul Majid Hasan (1402-1408, but His name is not included into the lines of the Kings who have ruled the Sultanate of Brunei. Pateh Berbai entitled Sultan Ahmad (1408-1425) Sultan Sharif Ali (1425-1432) Sultan ... Read more »